- The Arctic Refuge area includes an assemblage of plant and animal communities found nowhere else in the circumpolar region. There are eight million acres of designated wilderness and three designated wild rivers. Habitats vary from tundra to taiga forests and mountians to wetlands. These habitats support unusually diverse wildlife populations. The huge Porcupine Caribou Herd, over 150,000 animals, depends upon the Refuge. All three species of North American bears (black, grizzly and polar) are found here as are muskox, Dall sheep, moose, wolverine, wolf, arctic fox, red fox, lynx, marten and snowshoe hare. Arctic Grayling and Dolly Varden are abundant in Refuge rivers. Bowhead whales and ringed seals are found off the coast. About 180 species of migratory and resident birds have been seen on the Refuge. The coastal plain is especially important as the calving area for the Porcupine caribou herd, and for nesting and feeding shorebirds and waterfowl during the summer. Well over 100,000 snow geese stage on the refuge in preparation for fall migration. The Refuge also supports the northernmost breeding populations of golden eagles and arctic peregrine falcons.
Recreation - Visitors to the Arctic Wildlife Reserve may participate in boating, educational programs, fishing, hunting, backpacking and hiking.
Climate - The Arctic Refuge is among the most complete, pristine, and undisturbed ecosystems on earth. Here coastal lagoons, barrier islands, arctic tundra, foothills, mountains and boreal forests provide a combination of habitats, climate, and geography unmatched by any other northern conservation area -conditions that support the Refuge's diverse community of life.
Located in northeastern Alaska, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is the most northern and one of the largest Refuges within America's National Wildlife Refuge System. The landscape is dominated by the rugged and majestic Brooks Range.