- Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1979 to protect a unique parcel of land along the Alabama Gulf Coast. The Refuge is divided into five separate units along the Fort Morgan Peninsula and Little Dauphin Island. Habitats include beach, scrub dunes, fresh and saltwater marshes, Maritime forest and open freshwater. These habitats serve as important stop over and staging areas for many species of neotropical migrants. Additionally the endangered Alabama beach mouse makes its home on two refuge units. Other Threatened and Endangered species that may be found here include; Bald eagle, loggerhead and green sea turtles, piping plover and peregrine falcons. Resident species that occur include raccoon, opossum, red fox, bobcat and many amphibians and reptiles.
Recreation - Activities available at this refuge include birding (migratory path of neotropical species), hiking, swimming, fishing (fresh & salt), collecting sea shells, photography, and boating. A section of the Pine Beach Trail provides interpretive information.
Climate - The climate of Alabama's lowlands can be described as subtropical with nearly 60 inches of rain each year. The highest amount of rain reaches the region as afternoon thunderstorms in July, August and September. Summers are extremely hot and humid with temperatures frequently reaching above 100 degrees F. Summer nights cool slightly and provide a good time to travel through the region.
Winter temperatures are mild, rarely dipping below 40 degrees with the humidity level at its lowest in November and December. Spring and fall are very pleasant times to visit the region. Spring brings mild temperatures and blooming trees and flowers. During the fall temperatures range from 65 to 85 degrees F with low humidity levels. Northern Alabama is generally cooler than the south due to its higher elevations.
Bon Secour NWR is located in Baldwin and Mobile counties near the town of Guf Shores, Alabama. Gulf Shores is 50 miles due west of Pensacola, Florida and 50 miles southeast of Mobile, Alabama. To reach the refuge, when entering Gulf Shores, travel west on Hwy. 180 for approximately 8.2 miles to the visitor center. Here you will find a museum and pamphlets to hiking trails.