- The Watercress Wildlife Refuge area was acquired by the Service in 1980 to provide protection for the endangered watercress darter. Although the Refuge is only seven acres of bushy vegetation, it contains a quarter acre pond. The pond is vital habitat to the darter.
Recreation - Recreational activities available in the Watercress Wildlife Refuge are wildlife observation, hiking and photography. Public
opportunities are limited due to the small size of the refuge and the
presence of the federally endangered watercress darter.
Climate - The climate of Alabama's lowlands can be described as subtropical with nearly 60 inches of rain each year. The highest amount of rain reaches the region as afternoon thunderstorms in July, August and September. Summers are extremely hot and humid with temperatures frequently reaching above 100 degrees F. Summer nights cool slightly and provide a good time to travel through the region.
Winter temperatures are mild, rarely dipping below 40 degrees with the humidity level at its lowest in November and December. Spring and fall are very pleasant times to visit the region. Spring brings mild temperatures and blooming trees and flowers. During the fall temperatures range from 65 to 85 degrees F with low humidity levels. Northern Alabama is generally cooler than the south due to its higher elevations.
Near Bessemer, Jefferson County, Alabama. This refuge is located in the central region of the state.