Home | Getting Started | Gift Center | Gear Store | Topo Maps | My Wildernet | Newsletter Signup
Alabama > Alabama Wildlife Refuges
Destination Locator:

Alabama Wildlife Refuges

Blowing Wind Cave National Wildlife Refuge- This refuge consists of upland hardwoods and limestone rock out crops. The cave has a double entrance, upper and lower, and is critical habitat for endangered gray and Indiana bats.
Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge- Bon Secour NWR, in Baldwin and Mobile counties Alabama, was established in 1979 to protect a unique parcel of land along the Alabama Gulf Coast.
Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge- Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge is separated into three land masses by two creeks. Okaktuppa Creek divides the North End from the Middle Swamp and Turkey Creek separates the Middle Swamp from the South End.

Choctaw NWR was established on land that was purchased as part of a Corps of Engineers water development project called the Coffeeville Lock and Dam in the mid 1950's. The Department of the Interior acquired the management rights from the Corps and began refuge management practices during January, 1964.

Approximately 1,802 acres of the refuge lies in lakes, sloughs and creeks. Only 151 acres of the refuge is located in openings. The remaining 2,265 acres is composed of typical bottomland hardwood associated with the Tombigbee River Basin.

The Tupelo Gum Natural Area (SAF 103), located in the Middle Swamp, is the only area set aside as a unique part of the refuge. It was established in 1976 and consists of 30 acres of black gum and 5 acres of bald cypress.

The Choctaw NWR also includes eight perpetual conservation easements, scattered in Sumter, Conecuh, and Monroe counties of Alabama , which total an additional 236 acres.

The refuge was established as a protected wintering area for waterfowl and wood duck reproduction. Natural sloughs, creeks and lakes, in conjunction with bottomland hardwoods and pine ridges, create a mixture of wildlife habitat. This habitat diversity produces an abundance of wildlife.

Deer, turkey, raccoon, rabbit, squirrel and wood duck thrive in the bottomland hardwoods. Endangered or threatened species such as American alligators, bald eagles and wood storks also have an abundance of wetland habitat available.

From November until March wintering waterfowl are present. As the waterfowl depart in the spring, wading bird use increases. The sloughs, creeks and lakes also provide excellent habitat for game fish, and aquatic mammals such as river otter, beaver, nutria and mink.

Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge- The Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge consists of 11,184 acres with more than 4,200 in open water. The boundary includes portions of Alabama and Georgia.
Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge- Fern Cave NWR is located two miles north of Paint Rock, Alabama. The Refuge borders Paint Rock River on the south and consists of upland hardwoods and limestone rock out crops.

The cave has five hidden entrances and is critical habitat for endangered gray and Indiana bats. Over a million gray bats hibernate in Fern Cave, as do several hundred endangered Indiana bats. Fern Cave also has the threatened American hart's tongue fern at one of its entrances.
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge- Established in 1997 this 1,060 acre Refuge provides protected a habitat for Alabama cavefish and Gray bats in Key Cave and Collier Cave. Both Caves are in a limestone karst area that contain several sinkholes and underground cave systems.
Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge- Watercress Darter Wildlife Refuge is a seven acre area devoted to preserving the few ponds that contain the endangered Watercress Darter. Established in 1980 the Thomas Spring is vital habitat to this endangered fish.
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge- Wheeler Refuge supports the southernmost and Alabama's only significant concentration of wintering Canada geese. It also serves as winter habitat for the State's largest duck population.

Located in an urban area Wheeler Refuge has a large public use and environmental education program.

Search by Name within Alabama:

Activity Locator:

Activities within Alabama Wildlife Refuges:

All Alabama Wildlife Refuges Outdoor Recreation Activities

Alabama Wildlife Refuges Customized Topo Maps and Aerial Photos
Outdoor Gear and Clothing

Search by Name within Alabama:

Trip Planner

Hotels Airline Tickets Car Rentals
B&Bs Yellow Pages City Guide

General Information

Description - Alabama's geography can be split into three regions: the northern region, which contain the southern ranges of the Appalachian Mountains; the central highlands, which are mainly forested areas; and the southern coastal plain, which includes rich farming lands and the delta region of Mobile. Each of these regions are differ in topography, but have always relied heavily on the major waterways that pervade the state. Today these resources are used by visitors and residents for recreation pursuits, but at one time the waterways of the state were used to transport raw materials to factories.

The northern region of the state contains several lakes and rivers that support many recreation activities. The Tennessee River flows through northern Alabama from Tennessee. The river has been manipulated to form two large lakes: Wheeler Lake and Lake Guntersville. Surrounding these lakes are several natural areas including Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge, Joe Wheeler State Park, Lake Guntersville State Park, Buck's Pocket State Park and Cathedral Caverns State Park. Near the Georgia border is Weiss Lake on the Coosa River. At the northern end of the lake is the Little River National Preserve.

Northern Alabama contains the southern Appalachian Mountains and many limestone caves that surround them. Russell Cave National Monument lies on the Tennessee border. Other natural areas in the region include: William Bankhead National Forest, Lewis Smith Lake and Talladega National Forest. All of these green areas are accessible by one of three interstate highways that dissect the region.

Central Alabama is comprised of rolling hills and forested highlands. Contained within the region are the Talladega and Tuskegee National Forests. Numerous state parks of archaeological, natural and historical interest complete the landscape of this region, as does Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, which lies close to the Georgia border. This region contains the state capital, Montgomery, and is accessible via Interstates 85, 65, 59 and 20.

The lowlands and coastal plain of southern Alabama contain the rich agricultural lands of the state. In this belt is where the cotton fields lie and eventually submit to marshes and the gulf coast. Southwestern Alabama is comprised of the valleys and deltas of the Mobile and Tensaw Rivers. This area boasts 55 miles of shoreline for water sports enthusiasts. Several remote barrier islands are accessible by boat from the Alabama coast.

Recreation - The most popular activities in Alabama are centered around the states 1000 miles of inland waterways. They include fishing, boating and swimming.

Climate - Much of Alabama receives nearly 60 inches of rain each year. The highest amount of rain reaches the region as afternoon thunderstorms in July, August and September. Summers are extremely hot and humid with temperatures frequently reaching above 100 degrees F. Summer nights cool slightly and provide a good time to travel through the region.

Winter temperatures are mild, rarely dipping below 40 degrees with the humidity level at its lowest in November and December. Spring and fall are very pleasant times to visit the region. Spring brings mild temperatures and blooming trees and flowers. During the fall temperatures range from 65 to 85 degrees F with low humidity levels. Northern Alabama is generally cooler than the south due to its higher elevations.

Location - Alabama is located in the southeastern United States.

Current Conditions & Trip Reports

Trip Reports:
Add your own trip Report! Newly re-released feature. One of the most popular features on Wildernet, trip reports allow you to share your experiences with others. This is an invaluable resource for determining what to expect on your outdoor adventure, so please participate! To prevent spamming, you must be a registered user of Wildernet in order to submit a trip report

Filed By: Homer Singleton
Number of People Encountered: 0-10 ppl
Recommend to a Friend: Highly
Report: Approaching from the east Jeff Friend trail is first. It borders on Little Lagoon for some distance with water birds almost always present. Dense cover is home for other birds as well. Further west is the Pine Beach trail. It runs about a mile and a hald past Alligator Lake [yes the alligators are real] to sand dunes and beach which are undeveloped or unspoiled [your choise].

More Information

Contact Information:
Daphne Field Office, 1208-B Main Street , Daphne, AL, 36526, Phone: 334-441-5181

Additional Information:
Alabama - Alabama lies in the heart of the nation's deep south. Its boundaries encompass diversity in landforms, flora and fauna, that support a wide variety of outdoor activities.


About Wildernet |  Email to a Friend  |  Disclaimer |  Privacy |  Contact Us  | Comments & Suggestions
Advertisers & Sponsors |  Owners & Operators |  Tourism Promotors
©1995-2019 Interactive Outdoors Inc. All rights reserved.