Description - The Jefferson Memorial dominates the south side of the Tidal Basin near the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. The white marble structure including Colorado Yule and Tripods Pink Tennessee are a shrine to the third President. Two circular gardens dominate the grounds.
Copyright: - US National Park Service
Thomas Jefferson Memorial
- Architects John Russell Pope, Otto R. Eggers, and Daniel P. Higgins designed the Jefferson Memorial, a shrine and tribute to the author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States.
Construction began during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's term in 1938. The memorial originally cost $3 million and was dedicated on April 13, 1943, the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson.
Twelve columns featuring the classical style, which Jefferson introduced to the United States, support the circular building. A 19-foot high statue of Jefferson stands in the memorial. Four of his most famous quotations are engraved inside the shrine.
Thomas Jefferson-political philosopher, architect, musician, book collector, scientist, horticulturist, diplomat, inventor, and third President of the United States-looms large in any discussion of what Americans are as a people. President John F. Kennedy recognized Jefferson's accomplishments when he told a gathering of American Nobel Prize winners that they were the greatest assemblage of talent in the White House since Jefferson had dinner there alone. With his strong beliefs in the rights of man and a government derived from the people, in freedom of religion and the separation between church and state, and in education available to all. Thomas Jefferson struck a chord for human liberty 200 years age that resounds through the decades. But in the end, Jefferson's own appraisal of his life, and the one that he wrote for use on his own tombstone, suffices: "Author of the Declaration of American Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom, and Father of the University of Virginia.
Recreation - Elevator provides access to the Memorial Chamber, restrooms, museum, and bookstore. Open 8 AM to midnight, every day except December 25.
Bicycles and inline skates are allowed along paved roads and walkways in the park. Neither is allowed in the memorial or monument areas such as in the chambers of the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials, or along the walls at the Vietnam and Korean War Memorials.
Climate - Washington, D.C. experiences four distinct seasons. Winters can be bitterly cold or pleasantly mild while summers can be miserably hot and humid or agreeably warm. The average January temperature is 37 degrees F (3 degrees C). The average July temperature is 78 degrees F (26 degrees C). Spring and fall are pleasant times of the year to visit the area, temperatures are mild with low humidity.
Interstates 66 and 395 provide access to the Mall from the south. Interstate 495, New York Avenue, Rock Creek Parkway, George Washington Memorial Parkway, and the Cabin John Parkway provide access from the north. Interstate 66, Route 50 and 29 provide access from the west. Routes 50, 1, and 4 provide access from the east.
There are several metro train routes from the suburban areas surrounding the city. The Smithsonian Metro stop comes out on the National Mall.
Parking is extremely scarce in Washington, D.C. Parking is available on city streets during non-rush hour times (9 AM until 4 PM) during the week. There are parking lots at the Washington Monument and Jefferson Memorial that provide two hour parking. Parking is available for longer periods along Ohio Drive near the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials.
Bus parking is primarily available along Ohio Drive near the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials. A brochure concerning Bus parking and loading and unloading areas is available by calling the park at 202-426-6841.