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Key West National Wildlife Refuge

Key West National Wildlife Refuge
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General Information

Quiet Solitude is Enjoyed By Humans and Wildlife
Copyright: Joyce Rankin - Interactive Outdoors, Inc.
Quiet Solitude is Enjoyed By Humans and Wildlife
Description - The Key West National Wildlife Refuge consists of all the keys except the Ballast Key. The land and water mass stretch 25 miles west from the resort city of Key West. The width of the refuge is 15 miles. Nearly 300 species of birds have been recorded within this refuge area and other southwestern Florida refuges. Visitors will find the boat access only islands clearly designated, open to public or restricted lands. A visitor center and a number of private outfitters along U.S. Highway 1 offer extensive details.

Attractions - Key West National Wildlife Refuge is located off the western shores of Key West in the Florida Keys in Monroe County Florida. The refuge includes the islands of the "Lakes" and the "Marquesas, all of which have been designated a part of the National Wilderness Preservation System.

The islands of the refuge contain mostly mangrove habitat, although of primary importance to some species are a few beaches and salt ponds. Red mangrove forests constitute all or part of the vegetation on most of the islands. Over 250 avian species have been recorded in the refuges in the lower Florida Keys including Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge and National Key Deer Refuge.

In addition to providing nesting habitat for a variety of birds, the refuges provide important loafing and feeding areas for magnificent frigates, migrant shorebirds, terns, raptors, and waterfowl like the red-breasted merganser. Extensive beaches are found on a few islands and are an imperative habitat for shore birds and nesting endangered Atlantic green, Loggerhead, and Hawksbill sea turtles.

Salt ponds, impounded from open water by storm created berms, are a particularly important habitat for piping plovers, terns, stilts, and a variety of wading birds, including reddish egrets. In addition to sea turtles, the indigenous mangrove terrapin is another notable reptile using the refuge.

With the exception of portions of a couple islands, the refuge beaches are open to public access for wildlife-dependent activities such as wildlife observation and personal photography. Closed areas are clearly marked. The refuge is only accessible by boat. Jet propelled personal watercraft, seaplane landings, water-skiing, airboats, and hovercraft are prohibited as per an agreement between the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the State of Florida in 1992.

Recreation - The Key West National Wildlife Refuge offers a visitor center on the mainland introducing and outlining visitation of the refuge islands. Paddling, nature photography and wildlife viewing opportunities are supreme. Certain areas are off-limits to visitors. These are usually wildlife nesting areas. Sea kayaking is a favorite area recreation offering a relaxing way to explore some of Florida's most pristine reaches. Outfitters dot US 1 providing guides along with gear necessary to reach the backcountry of the Keys. Excursions take the visitor to shallow flats where creatures such as spiny lobsters, stone crabs, barracudas, stingrays, and sea stars may be observed. The abundant birdlife is particularly enjoyed through a good pair of binoculars. Snorkeling and scuba diving are very popular recreations as well; rental gear is offered through private outfitters.

Climate - Southern Florida lies within a subtropical climate. It is usually hot and humid in the summer with brief afternoon thundershowers. It is not unusual for temperatures to exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit with averages reaching above 83 degrees Fahrenheit (above 29 Celsius). Winters are mild and dry with temperatures averaging above 64 degrees Fahrenheit (above 18 Celsius). The average precipitation for the southeast area is more than 60 inches per year. Hats and sunglasses are recommended throughout the year, as is the use sunscreen.

Location - The Key West National Wildlife Refuge is an area of water and land stretching 25 miles west of the resort town of Key West. The refuge encompasses the "Lakes" and the "Marquesas." Boat access only. Watch for restrictive signage.

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More Information

Contact Information:
Key West NWR, P.O. Box 430510 , Big Pine Key, FL, 33043-0510, Phone: 305-872-2239
, r4rw_fl.nkd@fws.gov

Additional Information:
Florida National Wildlife Refuges - The U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife manage 21 wildlife refuges in Florida that reach nearly all corners of the state. The refuges protect and manage biological diverse habitat while offering an educational and recreational opportunity to the public.
Southeast Florida - Southeast Florida features unmatched natural, historical and cultural attractions. Dominating nearly 1.5 million acres, Everglades National Park is the forebear to the area's public lands.


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