- Piedmont NWR is primarily an upland forest. The forest is predominantly loblolly pine on the ridges with hardwoods found along the creek bottoms and in scattered upland coves. Clear streams and beaver ponds provide ideal wetland habitat for waterfowl and other wetland dependent species.
The refuge was established on abandoned farm land where few wildlife species remained. With good soil and forest conservation practices, the wildlife habitat began to improve. Today the forest and native wildlife populations have been restored. The refuge serves as a model of forest ecosystem management for wildlife.
The red-cockaded woodpecker, a native bird of the southern US, is an endangered species because the old growth pine forests it requires for nesting and roosting have been logged throughout most of its range. The refuge currently has 35 active clans (family groups).
Prescribed burning and thinning are two forest management practices used to provide habitat for the red-cockaded woodpecker. Many migratory bird species, white-tailed deer, wild turkey, and other native wildlife benefit from these management practices. The diversity of habitats provides a haven for nearly 200 species of birds and 50 species of mammals.
Recreation - Recreation opportunities include walking trails, auto tour route, fishing, wildlife observation, visitor center, and hunting.
Climate - Climate throughout much of Georgia is warm to hot and humid in summer with winters generally mild. One should be prepared for cold weather during winter months.
The refuge is 25 miles northeast of Macon, GA and 11 miles north of Gray, GA