Description - The Idaho region was explored by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in 1805–1806. On-going boundary disputes with Great Britain were settled by the Oregon Treaty in 1846, and the first permanent U.S. settlement in Idaho was established by the Mormons at Franklin in 1860.
Gold was discovered at Orofino Creek in 1860 bringing prospectors into the territory, which resulted in a number of ghost towns a the gold played out.
In the 1870s, white settlement on Indian lands led to battles between U.S. forces and the Nez Percé, Bannock, and Sheepeater tribes.
- Points of interest are the Craters of the Moon National Monument; Nez Percé National Historic Park, which includes many sites visited by Lewis and Clark; and the State Historical Museum in Boise.
Recreation - Historic sites offer museums, interpretive lectures and tours, and viewing of historic buildings and sites.
Climate - The climate in Idaho varies with the elevation. The bottom of Hell's Canyon, Boise and other locations at low elevations receive hot summer weather. Temperatures at these elevations often reach 90 degrees or more during the summer months. At the same time the mountains will get mild temperatures with cool nights.
Winters are just as extreme with the mountains experiencing extreme conditions and temperatures. An average of 500 inches of snow falls on the Idaho highlands. Temperatures are known to dip below zero degrees F on many winter nights. The lower elevations enjoy a more mild winter season with less precipitation than the mountains. The sun is a constant throughout the year. Be sure to wear sunscreen and layered clothing in Idaho's unpredictable weather.
Maps and driving instructions to each Idaho Historic site are availaable on the individual wildernet.com page describing the site.