Description - Known as the "Battle That Saved Washington", the battle of Monocacy on July 9, 1864 between 18,000 Confederate forces under General Jubal Early, and 5,800 Union forces under General Lew Wallace, marked the last campaign of the Confederacy to carry the war into the north. One of the objectives of this campaign was to capture Washington, D.C. Although this battle was a military victory for the Confederates, it was also a defeat. Time spent for battle cost the Confederates a day's delay in marching on the federal capital. General Lew Wallace's defense along the Monocacy bought critical time to allow Washington to be reinforced. Early's raid would be thwarted and the war would be taken to the south for the rest of the war.
Copyright: - US National Park Service
Monacacy National Battlefield
- Monocacy National Battlefield has a variety of recreational activities, many of which are centered on the Battlefield's history. The Gambrill Mill area offers a visitor center complete with exhibits that include an electric map orientation program, interactive computer program, artifacts and interpretive displays of the battle. The visitor center provides maps and interpretive brochures for park trails and an automobile tour of the battlefield area with directions to the five monuments. A wide variety of programs are held throughout the year along with a series of special events.
The 1,300 acres of open meadow (former battlefields) and the bisecting roads are a great location for bird watching, bicycling, and cross-country skiing.
Recreation - Visitors to Monocacy National Battlefield are invited to take part in interpretive programs, enjoy exhibits at the visitor center, hike, bike, drive the auto tour, bird watch, and cross-country ski.
Climate - Maryland has four distinct seasons with spring and fall being particularly pleasant with low humidity and mild temperatures. The average January temperature ranges between 30 and 34 degrees F (-1 to 1 C) with July averages ranging between 74 degrees F and 80 degrees F. Typically, coastal temperatures are slightly warmer then the western Appalachian Plateau area. Travelers should be aware that winters can become miserably cold and summers can be hazy, hot and humid with afternoon thundershowers.
Monocacy National Battlefield is located south of Frederick, Maryland east of Interstate 270 and south of Interstate 70.