Description - Western Maryland is a beautiful region of the state encompassing three counties: Garrett, Allegany known as "beautiful stream," and Washington.
The state's largest body of water, Deep Creek Lake, boasts 3,900 acres for boating, fishing, and swimming. Mountain bikers find miles of heart-pounding trails amid beautiful scenery at Green Ridge State Forest. Bird watching is second nature along the C&O Canal National Park, a haven for hikers and bikers. Civil War conflicts are brought to life at Antietam where the infamous battle of September 17, 1862 took place. It is here that an unimaginable 23,000 lives were lost. The battle was pivotal giving President Abraham Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, which, on January 1, 1863, declared free all slaves in states still in rebellion against the United States. Other Civil War related sites in the region include abolitionist John Brown's headquarters at the Kennedy Farm and the Rose Hill Cemetery where more than 2,000 Confederate soldiers are buried.
- Western Maryland is known for its natural beauty of the Appalachian Mountains, Deep Creek Lake, Youghiogheny, Savage and Potomac Rivers where boating, fishing, paddling, sailing, and relaxing reign. The region boasts four-seasons mountain resorts hosting everything from cross-country and alpine skiing to sailboat regattas. History museums in Oakland and Friendsville tell of the hunters and trappers who were the first Europeans to arrive in Western Maryland. Explore the scenic wonders of hemlock-shrouded 52-foot Muddy Creek Falls, the ecological marvels of the 500-acre Cranesville Subarctic Swamp. Let the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad be your guide through breathtaking countryside or hike down a path leading to a 25-year-old log cabin that served as young George Washington's headquarters at Fort Cumberland, a key outpost during the French and Indian War. Or visit Fort Frederick, the cornerstone of Maryland's defenses during that war and are now a state park. If you enjoy Revolutionary War history, then continue your journey to Washington Monument State Park where in 1827, Boonsboro residents spent a single day building the nation's first monument to George Washington. As a crucial location during America's western expansion, you may journey down the same route as many pioneers. Route 36, also called "Coal Heritage Road," is a national scenic byway dating back two centuries. Looking for heights? Venture to Dan's Mountain State Park which peaks at nearly 3,000 feet above sea level. Love to golf? Then visit Maryland's only Jack Nicklaus-designed golf course at Rocky Gap State Park. In addition to the splendor of the parks, Western Maryland showcases more than 30 museums with exhibits of greats such as Bierstadt, Whistler, Avery and Rockwell. Lastly, the Appalachian Trail, a footpath, which runs from Georgia to Maine extending nearly 2,300 miles, traverses a portion of this lovely mountainous region of Maryland.
Recreation - Visitors to Western Maryland will be impressed with its outdoor recreation opportunities that include mountain biking, whitewater rafting and kayaking, wilderness hiking, rock climbing, cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, golfing, and viewing a number of historical sites. Over 30 museums, quaint towns dotted with antique shops, and breathtaking autumn scapes and more wait the traveler.
Climate - Maryland has four distinct seasons with spring and fall being particularly pleasant with low humidity and mild temperatures. The average January temperature ranges between 30 and 34 degrees F (-1 to 1 C) with July averages ranging between 74 degrees F and 80 degrees F. Typically, coastal temperatures are slightly warmer then the western Appalachian Plateau area. Travelers should be aware that winters can become miserably cold and summers can be hazy, hot and humid with afternoon thundershowers.
Western Maryland is in the western area of the state encompassing the land regions of Appalachian Plateau, Appalachian Ridge and Valley, and the Blue Ridge. Its boundaries include West Virginia, Pennsylvania along with the Potomac River.