- Refuge topography consists of rolling forested hills inter-spersed with lakes, rivers, marshes, and shrub swamps. Twenty-one lakes lie within the refuge. Vegetation is diverse due to the refuge's location in the transition zone between northern hardwood and coniferous forests. Sixty percent of the refuge is forested.
Refuge wildlife is as varied as the habitat with over 245 species of birds and 50 species of mammals. Bald eagles are common, and moose and timber wolves (resident pack) are seen occasionally.
Historically, the refuge was a prized hunting, fishing, ricing, and maple sugaring area for Indian tribes. The northern half of Tamarac lies within the original White Earth Chippewa Indian Reservation Boundary. Tribal members retain wild rice harvest and trapping privileges on the Refuge.
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge lies in the glacial lake country of northwestern Minnesota in Becker County, 18 miles northeast of Detroit Lakes.