Description - Mathews Brake NWR is known for its high quality waterfowl habitat. The maze of "fingers" of the brake, varied water depths which support many natural foods, and the fact that the refuge is literally an island of habitat in a sea of agriculture, attracts tens of thousands of ducks.
- Mathews Brake NWR covers about 2,400 acres and encompasses much of the lake area called Mathews Brake. The lake is shallow but supports an excellent fishery for crappie, bream, bass and catfish.
Habitat consists of cypress/tupelo stands with bottomland hardwood fingers extending into the lake. Over 30,000 ducks including mallards, widgeon, gadwall, blue-winged teal, and pintail winter on the refuge.
Recreation - Activities on the refuge available to the public include hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, and wildlife photography. There is a public boat ramp.
Climate - Mississippi lies mainly in the subtropics. The climate is mild with the coldest months experiencing low temperatures near 40 degrees F. Summer temperatures frequently reach 100 degrees F, with coastal breezes providing cooling relief. Humidity is highest in August and September reaching an average close to 90%. The highest rainfall comes during the spring months, but December and January are wet, too. Expect temperatures in the northeastern region to be somewhat cooler than the rest of the state.
The refuge is located nine miles south of Greenwood, MS on US 49 E; then three miles east of Sidon, MS.