- The National Bison Range is a diverse ecosystem of grasslands, Douglas fir and ponderosa pine forests, riparian areas and ponds. Elevation ranges from 2,585 ft. at the headquarters to 4,885 ft. at High Point lookout.
The National Bison Range is one of the last government owned palouse prairie native grasslands in the U.S. It supports a herd of 450 to 500 Bison, 125 elk, 200 mule deer, 200 white-tailed deer, 125 pronghorn, 40 big horn sheep, 40-50 mountain goats as well as various predators such as coyotes, mountain lions, bears and bobcat and a variety of smaller mammals. The refuge has recorded 205 bird species with more added every year.
In addition to providing for bison and other wildlife, the area provides for the public enjoyment of over 200,000 visitors per year who come to observe the wildlife and their habitat, and participate in outdoor education activities. The range is also an important area for the study of wildlife populations and their natural history, native grasslands, and riparian corridors.