- Pee Dee was established with the purpose of providing sanctuary and wintering habitat for migratory birds.
Forest cover comprises approximately 6,100 acres of the refuge, including 2,900 acres of hardwood and 3,200 acres of pine and pine-hardwood forests. The upland pine habitat is managed to support the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker and the mixed pine-hardwood stands are managed to maintain a diversity of species.
The bottomland hardwoods are critical areas for neotropical migratory songbirds. The bottomland hardwoods along Brown Creek on the refuge are the largest contiguous tract of their kind in the North Carolina Piedmont and are designated as a State Natural Heritage Area.
The refuge also contains approximately 1,500 acres of agricultural and open land managed for waterfowl, including 13 draw down field impoundment's that are seasonally flooded to attract thousands of ducks and geese. The diversity of habitats and management programs enables the refuge to support a broad spectrum of wildlife species, including more than 168 birds, 49 amphibians and reptiles, 28 mammals and 20 fish species.
Climate - North Carolina has a temperate climate with mild winters and long fall and spring months. Summers can be hot and humid, especially in the piedmont and coastal plain region, which don't get relief from coastal breezes or higher elevations. The mountains tend to be substantially cooler and receive some winter snow.
In the Piedmont Region, winter daytime temperatures normally range from the upper 30's to the upper 40s. Summer daytime temperatures range from the high 70's to the low 90's. The state has a fairly wet climate with an average precipitation for this area averaging 44-52 inches (112-132 centimeters).
The Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge is located in North Carolina's Piedmont area.