- The predominant vegetation type of the refuge is southeastern shrub bog, which is also known as pocosin. This ecosystem is characterized by a very dense growth of mostly broadleaf evergreen shrubs and scattered pond pine. The dominant species of the bottomland hardwood forest are blackgum and Carolina ash, with smaller components of red maple, water tupelo, loblolly pine and bald cypress.
Significant issues and management objectives include water management, wetland swamp restoration, waterfowl management, fire management and a partnership with the Partnership for the Sounds to foster ecotourism and environmental education.
Recreation - The refuge operates several hunting programs that include most state seasons. More than 10,000 hunters use the refuge during the six-month season.
Climate - Winter daytime temperatures average above 44 degrees Fahrenheit (7 Celsius). Summer daytime temperatures range above 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 Celsius). The state has a fairly wet climate with an average precipitation for this area averaging 48 to 52 inches (122 to 132 centimeters).
The Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge is located east of Pamlico Sound and north of Lake Mattamuskeet. The Refuge may be accessed off SR 94 in Tyrrell County.