Description - Montezuma NWR is located at the north end of Cayuga Lake in the Finger Lakes region of New York, about halfway between Syracue and Rochester. The refuge has emergent and forested wetlands.
- Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1937 at the north end of Cayuga Lake in the Finger Lakes Travel Region. The refuge has emergent and forested wetlands, and provides abundant food resources for migrating waterfowl through production of submerged aquatic vegetation within its major pools. Fall peaks of mallards can top 100,000, black ducks can top 25,000 and Canada geese can top 50,000 with spring peaks over 100,000. Large flocks composed of several tens of thousands of diving ducks (scaup, ringnecks, canvasbacks, and redheads) use the refuge impoundments until freeze up. Approximately 1,200 ducks and geese are produced annually. Two smaller impoundments are managed as shorebird habitat and use is impressive. Two groups of bald eagles nest on the refuge, as do ospreys, and several other species of special concern in New York. Montezuma NWR is cooperating with the New York Department of Environmental Conservation in a project called the Northern Montezuma Wetlands Project to preserve and restore the historic Montezuma Marsh.
Recreation - Annual visitation is between 130,000 - 140,000. Folks enjoy viewing the wildlife and observing bird migrations.
Climate - The Finger Lakes Travel Region experiences average January temperatures above 22 degrees Fahrenheit (above -6 degrees Celsius). It is important to note that this area receives some of the heaviest snowfalls in the nation. Summer temperatures average around 72 degrees Fahrenheit (around 22 degrees Celsius). Precipitation in the region ranges from less than 36 inches to approximately 40 inches of rain and snowmelt.
Montezuma NWR is located at the north end of Cayuga Lake in the Finger Lakes Travel Region about halfway between Syracue and Rochester.