Description - On the night of October 16, 1859 Brown and his followers assaulted the U.S. Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, planning to use the captured arms in an extensive campaign for the liberation of the slaves in the South. Brown was captured on October 18, 1859, imprisoned at Charlestown, Virginia, tried by the Commonwealth of Virginia and hanged on December 2, 1859. His body was returned to North Elba and was buried in front of his home on December 8, 1859. The remains of several of Brown's followers, who fought and died at Harper's Ferry, were moved to this small graveyard in 1899. The park is open May through October.
Copyright: New York State Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation
John Brown Farm State Historic Site
- John Brown (1800-1859) was an abolitionist whose attempt to free the slaves cost him his life and the life of others. From his youth, he hated slavery and was committed to the servant hood cause of protecting blacks against slave catchers. In 1849 he moved to North Elba, New York which was an area settled by blacks. For years he fought this galiant cause only for his remains to be placed on this small parcel of land.
Brown and his followers were instrumental in capturing the Harpers Ferry arsenal in West Virginia. The day after the assault, Brown was delivered to the state for trail. Northern efforts were made to declare him insane but they those efforts were in vane. Brown was convicted of treason and hanged on December 2nd. His body was later moved to this site.
Recreation - John Brown Farm State Historic Site offers group tours, guided tours, hiking, picnicking, re-enactments, scenic views, interpretive signage and cross-country skiing in winter. The park is open May through October, Wednesday-Saturday 10 a.m.-5 p.m. and Sunday 1-5 p.m. The grounds are open all year including Memorial Day, Fourth of July and Labor Day.
Climate - The historic site has a varied climate with average January temperatures ranging from 14 to 22 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 to -6 degrees Celsius). Summer temperatures average around 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius). Precipitation in the region ranges from 36 to more than 44 inches of rain and snowmelt. A slender parcel along the eastern state line receive the heaviest precipitation.
John Brown Farm is located on John Brown Road, .75 mile off SR 73 just south of Lake Placid.