Description - Dayton Aviation Heritage commemorates three exceptional men - Wilbur Wright, Orville Wright, and Paul Laurence Dunbar - and their work in the Miami Valley.
Copyright: - US National Park Service
The Wright Cycling Company Building
Through the invention of powered flight, Wilbur and Orville made significant contributions to human history. In their Dayton, Ohio, bicycle shop these two men, self-trained in the science and art of aviation, researched and built the world's first power-driven, heavier-than-air machine capable of free, controlled, and sustained flight. The Wrights also perfected their invention during 1904 and 1905 in their hometown of Dayton.
Paul Laurence Dunbar achieved national and international acclaim in a literary world that was almost exclusively reserved for whites. This gifted and prolific writer produced a body of work that included novels, plays, short stories, lyrics, and over 400 published poems. His work, which reflected much of the African American experience in America, contributed to a growing social consciousness and cultural identity for African Americans in the United States.
- The Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park was established to preserve the area's aviation heritage associated with Wilbur and Orville Wright and the invention and development of aviation and to honor the life and work of poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, a black friend and classmate of the Wright brothers. The park is a cooperative effort between the National Park Service and four partners. The site includes four separate sites: The Wright Cycle Company building and Wright brothers' print shop building; Huffman Prairie Flying Field; Carillon Historical Park which includes the 1905 Wright Flyer III; and the Paul Laurence Dunbar State Memorial.
Recreation - Restored museum and exhibits operated by the National Park Service are located at The Wright Cycle Company building. Exhibits and visitor services are also available at the Paul Laurence Dunbar State Memorial and Carillon Historical Park. Self guiding facilities are available at Huffman Prairie Flying Field, which is under development and currently has no visitor center.
The Wright Cycle Company Building and the Huffman Prairie Flying Field are free. The Carillon Historical Park and the Paul Laurence Dunbar State Memorial have entrance fees.
Climate - This state has four distinct seasons and a brilliant fall foliage display in it southern woods during mid October. Winter lasts from December through February with average temperatures near 25 degrees F. Low temperatures dip to single digits, but do not often drop below zero. Northern regions of the state receive average snowfall amounts of 55 inches, while the central and southern regions of the state receive lesser amounts with averages near 30 inches. This difference is caused by lake-affect moisture patterns.
Spring temperatures begin to warm the landscapes of Ohio by mid March and are in full swing by April. Temperatures range from 40 through 70 degrees F through the spring months. This season often brings the most rainfall, before the drying heat of summer. Summer can be extremely hot and humid in the interior of Ohio. Temperatures reach above 90 degrees F frequently through July and August. Cooler fall temperatures don't reach the region until mid to late September. This is a pleasant time to visit as the air is crisp with low humidity levels. Ohio's annual precipitation usually reaches slightly above 50 inches.
The Wright Cycle Company building is located west of downtown Dayton. From Interstate 75 take the Third Street exit and head west. Turn left on Williams Street. The park is immediately on your left.