Description - Cold Springs NWR lies in sharp contrast with the arid desert surroundings of northeastern Oregon. The refuge, a tree-lined reservoir, lies 7 miles east of the agricultural community of Hermiston. The variety of refuge habitats attract an abundance of wildlife. Cold Springs supports peak populations of over 45,000 winter waterfowl comprised mainly of mallards and Canada geese.
- Extensive stands of cottonwoods, willow, and Russian olive, along with upland desert vegetation such as bitter brush and big sagebrush, provide cover for many migratory bird species. Notable are 13 species of hawks and eagles, the nesting colonies of great blue herons, cormorants, and black crowned night herons in the spring and the variety of songbirds in the fall. The thick underbrush surrounding the reservoir provides excellent habitat for elk, mule deer, coyote, bobcat, and California quail.
Recreation - Refuge visitors have easy access to this popular refuge for hunting, fishing, and wildlife watching.
Climate - Eastern Oregon is generally high desert broken by several mountain ranges. Annual precipitation accumulates to less than 10 inches except for in the mountain ranges which receive higher amounts of winter snow and summer rain. Eastern Oregon experiences much greater temperature extremes than Western Oregon. Summer temperatures often reach 90 degrees F at the lower elevations and winter temperatures commonly drop well below freezing.
Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge is located in northeastern Oregon, near Herniston. Directions: From Highway 395 in Hermiston take Highland Hills Road east, which turns into Loop Road. The refuge is approximately 6 miles from Hermiston.