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Oregon > Oregon National Wildlife Refuges > Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge
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Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge

Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge
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General Information

Description - The Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge was established as a range and breeding ground for pronghorn antelope and other species of wildlife. Located in the northern Great Basin, the refuge is a volcanic fault block, which reaches 8,065 feet elevation at Warner Peak. The escarpment along the west face of the refuge consists of canyons, cliffs, steep slopes, and knifelike ridges which ascend 3,600 feet from the floor of the Warner Wetlands.

The gentler eastern flanks of Hart Mountain are comprised of low ridges, hills and large, expansive plains. Vegetation of the refuge is typical for moderate size mountains of the northern Great Basin. Prominent cover types include low sage, big sage, juniper woodland, mountain brush, playas, aspen, and meadow.

Pronghorn and sage grouse were the featured species at the time the refuge was established and still command a great deal of public interest.

Attractions - Since its creation in 1936 as a range for remnant herds of pronghorn antelope, management of the refuge has broadened to include conservation of all wildlife species characteristic of this high desert habitat and restoration of native ecosystems for the public's enjoyment, education, and appreciation.

Recreation - Visitors to Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge can enjoy activities such as fishing, hunting, wildlife observation and photography.

Climate - Eastern Oregon is generally high desert broken by several mountain ranges. Annual precipitation accumulates to less than 10 inches except for in the mountain ranges which receive higher amounts of winter snow and summer rain. Eastern Oregon experiences much greater temperature extremes than Western Oregon. Summer temperatures often reach 90 degrees F at the lower elevations and winter temperatures commonly drop well below freezing.

Location - Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge is located 65 miles northeast of Lakeview, Oregon, off Highway 140. From Lakeview, where the Sheldon-Hart Mountain Complex office is located in the Post Office Building, take U.S. Highway 395 North about 5 miles. Turn right on Oregon State Highway 140 and go east 15 miles, then turn left at the sign to the refuge. Go 19 miles to Plush and continue through Plush, then turn right at the sign to the refuge. Follow the Hart Mountain Road to the refuge headquarters.

Current Conditions & Trip Reports

Trip Reports:
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Filed By: Denise Jones (St. Helens, OR)
Number of People Encountered: 0-10 ppl
Recommend to a Friend: Highly
Report: This place is absolutely gorgeous, and teeming with wildlife. But stay away in late spring! Even though the wildflowers are in bloom and it is even more breath-taking than the other times of year that I've been there, the mosquitoes are voracious, and multitudinous. I grew up in Michigan, vying with Minnesota as the mosquito capital of the lower 48, and I've never seen anything that approaches the swarms we encountered. Mule deer, pelicans, golden eagles, vast array of smaller birds, sage grouse, all kinds of little rodents...and,of course, pronghorn. Very private, and since it's so hard to reach, the few people you do encounter are as glad to be there as you are. Just not in June.

More Information

Contact Information:
Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge, P.O. Box 111 , Lakeview, OR, 97630-0107, Phone: 541-947-3315
, mike_nunn@fws.gov

Additional Information:
Eastern Oregon - With a relatively small population, this huge region is truly one of the west's last great wide open spaces. Eastern Oregon is a land of high deserts cut by mountain ranges and canyons.
Oregon National Wildlife Refuges - Wildlife and scenery are the primary attractions at the National Wildlife Refuges in Oregon. The refuges range from islands off the Pacific coast to vast high desert tracts in eastern Oregon.
Southern Oregon - Southern Oregon offers a balanced mix of natural, historical and cultural attractions. The centerpiece of Southern Oregon is Crater Lake National Park, Oregons only National Park. Crater Lake is 1,932 feet deep, the deepest lake in the United States.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Official agency website.


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