Description - William L. Finley NWR was created to provide vital wintering habitat for dusky Canada geese. Unlike other Canada geese, duskies have limited summer and winter ranges. They nest on Alaska's Copper River Delta and winter almost exclusively in the Willamette Valley.
Habitat loss, predation, and hunting have caused a decrease in population. Located in the Willamette Valley, William L. Finley NWR protects many of the valley's historic habitats, including the largest remaining tract of native Willamette Valley wet prairie.
Fields of wildlife food crops are interspersed with Oregon white oak savannah, meandering creeks with bottomland Oregon ash forest, old growth big-leaf maple, and native prairie.
Endangered and threatened species such as peregrine falcons, bald eagles, Oregon chubb, and Bradshaw's desert parsley find protection and sanctuary on the refuge.
- The refuge offers opportunities for compatible wildlife-oriented education and recreation. Of historic interest is the Fiechter House, completed in 1857, and thought to be the oldest house in Benton County. The refuge was named for William L. Finley, an early conservationist who persuaded President Theodore Roosevelt to set aside the first national wildlife refuge west of the Mississippi River.
Recreation - Recreation opportunities at the William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge include; Environmental Education, fishing, hunting, interpretation, photography and wildlife observation.
Climate - Willamette Valley's receives a high amount of precipitation. Much of the precipitation comes from October to April in the form of rain at the low elevations and as wet heavy snow in the higher elevations. Winter temperatures are normally cool at the lower elevations and cold at the higher elevations. Although snow is possible in the lowest elevations, it is infrequent and does not stay on the ground for long. Late spring, summer and early autumn bring the best chance for clear, sunny days and bring moderate temperatures.
Willian L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge is located in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. To reach the William L. Finley Unit, travel south 10 miles from Corvallis or north 7.5 miles from Monroe, to milepost 93 on Highway 99W. Turn west on Finley Refuge Road. Watch for the refuge entrance sign on the west side of the road. Follow refuge signs for 2 miles to the refuge headquarters.
Snag Boat Bend Unit: Travel about 1 mile south of Peoria on River Road North. Watch for entrance sign.