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St. Croix Wetland Management District

St. Croix Wetland Management District
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General Information

St. Croix Islands International Historic Site
Copyright: - US National Park Service
St. Croix Islands International Historic Site
Description - The St. Croix Wetland Management District encompasses eight counties in western Wisconsin including Burnett, Washburn, Polk, Barron, St. Croix, Dunn, Pierce, and Pepin Counties. The station manages the 38 Waterfowl Production Areas, 19 conservation easements and has a very active private lands program that is heavily involved with wetland and grassland restoration.

Roughly half of the district was historically native prairie or savanna, with the rest wooded. This part of Wisconsin is very scenic and ranges from wooded lake country in the north to rolling agricultural land in the south.

The District includes the "Northwest Wisconsin Pothole Area," an area with high wetland and waterfowl densities and among the most important waterfowl breeding areas in Wisconsin. Gray wolves, trumpeter swans, and Karner blue butterflies (endangered) all breed within the District. The St. Croix Valley provides an important corridor for neotropical migrants.

Attractions - The Waterfowl Production Areas of the St. Croix Wetland Management District are popular spots for wildlife observation, hunting, fishing, and hiking. Wildlife observers will find a rich variety of animal and plant life. During migration, large numbers of birdlife can be found. Native prairie grasses, flowers, and other plants can be observed and studied at leisure on many WPA's.

Foot travel is permitted, but use of motorcycles, jeeps, snowmobiles, motorboats, and other motorized traffic is prohibited in order to protect wildlife habitat. Horseback riding is also prohibited. Camping is not permitted, but adequate facility can be found in many of the state parks and forests throughout the District.

Hunting, trapping, and fishing are permitted on WPA's in compliance with state laws.

Recreation - Limited recreation opportunities exist on the Federal public lands of St. Croix Wetland Management District: hunting, trapping, fishing, hiking, wildlife observation, and nature study.

Climate - Northwest Wisconsin has four distinct seasons with warm summers and long winters. Great Lakes Michigan and Superior tend to make summers cooler and winters milder close to shore. January's average temperature is in the single digits F (-teens C). During summer, temperatures can climb to above 90 degrees F for several days (32 degrees C). Nighttime summer temperatures occasionally dip below freezing. The area's average yearly precipitation ranges from 32-34". Annual snowfalls in the Northwest Region have a wide range; the southern areas may receive 20" while the northern areas may receive in excess of 200". Dressing in layers is a good way to remain comfortable in Wisconsin.

Location - The St. Croix Wetland Management District encompasses eight counties in western Wisconsin including Burnett, Washburn, Polk, Barron, St. Croix, Dunn, Pierce, and Pepin Counties.

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More Information

Additional Information:
Wisconsin National Wildlife Refuges - The National Wildlife Refuge System is a chain of over 500 refuges occupying some 92 million acres of land. Wisconsin's holdings are a vital link in this system, providing important services to wildlife, people, and the habitats which support them.

St. Croix Wetland Management District - Official agency website.
St. Croix WMD - Official agency website


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