Description - The project was authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1938 and has been in full operation since April 1944. Mosquito Creek Lake is part of the flood control system operated by the Corps of Engineers for the Beaver and Upper Ohio Rivers. Mosquito Creek Dam is a homogeneous rolled earth fill dam. The embankment rises 47 feet above the streambed and has a top length of 5,650 feet. Mosquito Creek Lake's Congressionally Authorized project purposes include flood control, low-flow augmentation, water quality, water supply, fish and wildlife enhancement, and recreation.
Copyright: - US Army Corps of Engineers
Mosquito Creek Lake
- Mosquito Creek Lake is one of the most popular sites for outdoor recreation in the area. The lake and most of its surrounding lands are leased by the Corps of Engineers to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources as Mosquito Lake State Park. However, you will find that both the Corps and ODNR. provide numerous, well-maintained facilities at the lake to enhance your recreational experience. Mosquito Creek Lake is the 2nd largest inland lake in Ohio, Grand Lake St. Mary's being the largest.
Almost all the Corps land at the northern end of the lake (north of Route 88 causeway) is leased to the Ohio Division of Wildlife for fish and wildlife management purposes. The wildlife refuge is located in this area and is a haven for migratory birds. Red-tailed hawks, marsh, and sparrow hawks are common summer sights over the cleared meadows and woodlots. A rookery of blue herons is also present. Among the rare and unusual birds observed are nesting bald eagles, goshawks, and osprey. One of Ohio's rare reptile species, the massasauga rattlesnake, also inhabits the area. The entire waterfowl refuge area is closed to the public except during field days when special tours are provided. However, observation from parking areas and roadways is encouraged. Outside of the refuge area controlled waterfowl and game hunts are provided in the area by permit only.
Mosquito Creek Lake has a water surface of over 7,800 acres offering anglers excellent walleye fishing. The average depth of the lake is about 11 feet and the maximum depth is about 44 feet. Anglers also boast fine catches of crappie, bass, northern pike and catfish. Many enjoy trying their angling skills in the tail waters below the dam. This area also supports good populations of many of the reservoir species. On several occasions, it has also produced large flathead catfish. Fishing through the ice during winter's freeze is very popular at the lake yielding rewarding stringers of walleye and pan fish.
The lake affords boating enthusiasts the opportunity to pursue their varied interests. Boats of all types can be found on the lake ranging from sailboats and small fishing boats to runabouts and cruisers of unlimited horsepower. There is a 15 mph speed limit on the lake north of the Route 88 Causeway. The smooth waters of the lake are also ideal for waterskiing. Boaters will find launching ramps with ample parking available at several sites on the lake as well as a marina with mooring facilities and a launching ramp in the state park.
Mosquito Lake State Park has a spacious campground with 234 campsites equipped with picnic tables, fire rings, grills, and sanitary facilities including a dump station and showers. The park also boasts a swimming beach, self-guided nature trail, several picnic areas and an amphitheater for the public's enjoyment. Pets are permitted in designated areas.
The Corps maintains five recreation areas in the vicinity of the dam. These include picnic areas with tables and grills, parking, and easy access to the lake's shoreline or tail waters area for fishing and sightseeing, as well as a fitness course and nature trail. Old Route 305 provides a three-lane boat launch ramp. Also in this area is a "Watchable Wildlife" site that can be accessed near the nature trail. Accessible restrooms for persons with disabilities are available at the Lakeview Recreation Area and the Tailwater Recreation Area. A fishing access area for the physically challenged is also available at the Lakeview Recreation Area.
Recreation does not stop with the onset of winter at Mosquito Creek Lake. In addition to ice fishing, the cold weather enthusiast will find cross-country skiing in the state park and snowmobile trails located along the lake's shoreline.
Recreation - In conjunction with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers invites its visitors to enjoy boating, camping, educational programs, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, hunting, picnicking, restaurant dining, touring the visitor center, wildlife watching, water sports, and winter sports including cross-country skiing and ice fishing.
Climate - This state has four distinct seasons and a brilliant fall foliage display in it southern woods during mid October. Winter lasts from December through February with average temperatures near 25 degrees F. Low temperatures dip to single digits, but do not often drop below zero. Northern regions of the state receive average snowfall amounts of 55 inches, while the central and southern regions of the state receive lesser amounts with averages near 30 inches. This difference is caused by lake-affect moisture patterns.
Spring temperatures begin to warm the landscapes of Ohio by mid March and are in full swing by April. Temperatures range from 40 through 70 degrees F through the spring months. This season often brings the most rainfall, before the drying heat of summer. Summer can be extremely hot and humid in the interior of Ohio. Temperatures reach above 90 degrees F frequently through July and August. Cooler fall temperatures don't reach the region until mid to late September. This is a pleasant time to visit as the air is crisp with low humidity levels. Ohio's annual precipitation usually reaches slightly above 50 inches.
The dam is located on Mosquito Creek, 9 miles upstream from its junction with the Mahoning River at Niles, Ohio. The project is located entirely in Trumbull County, Ohio.