- Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant besieged Petersburg for ten months (June 15, 1864 through April 3, 1865) before he finally severed General Robert E. Lee's western supply lines on April 1, 1865 at Five Forks. Lee evacuated his army from Petersburg and Richmond the next night and marched toward Danville. Grant pursued, blocking Lee to the south and preventing his resupply. At the Battle of Sailor's Creek (April 6th) 8,000 men, almost a quarter of Lee's army, surrendered. Grant all but surrounded Lee at Appomattox Court House, forcing his surrender on April 9th. This largely ended the fighting in the Civil War.
Recreation - Holliday Lake State Park offers overnight campsites and a lovely peaceful fishing and swimming lake. This lake is known as one of Virginia's cleanest lakes. Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historic State Park is the site of the last major Civil War battle in Virginia which occurred 72 hours before the surrender at Appomattox. The historic Hillsman House served as a Union hospital during the battle while Mrs. Hillsman and the children were restrained in the basement.
Climate - Virginia generally has mild winters and warm humid summers. The Piedmont Plateau area of the state has winter temperatures averaging above 36 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius). The state's summer temperatures have little variation. Piedmont Plateau generally experiences temperatures above 78 degrees Fahrenheit (26 Celsius). High humidity along with warm temperatures can be uncomfortable.
Take Route 460 out of Petersburg traveling west to Appomattox, Virginia. Public access and interpretation of Lee's Retreat are available at Petersburg National Battlefield, Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historic State Park and at Appomattox Court House.