- This park encompasses most of Jamestown Island, site of the first permanent English settlement; Yorktown, scene of the culminating battle of the American Revolution in 1781; a 23-mile parkway; and Cape Henry Memorial, which marks the approximate site of the first landing of Jamestown's colonists in 1607. Yorktown National Cemetery, containing Civil War grave sites - 2,183 interments, 1,434 unidentified - adjoins the park; grave space is not available.
Copyright: - US National Park Service
Colonial National Historical Park
Colonial National Historical Park preserves and interprets the historic period of English colonial America. The site includes two very historically significant sites from the colonial era: the first permanent English settlement, at Jamestown, and the final major battle of the American Revolutionary War, at Yorktown. These sites are connected by the 23 mile scenic Colonial Parkway.
Recreation - This historic site has visitor centers in the Yorktown and Jamestown sites. In Yorktown visitors can obtain information through an orientation film, the Yorktown Battlefield Museum, a bookstore and several original and reconstructed structures and sites. It also administers the Yorktown National Cemetery (Civil War era).
At the Jamestown Island site there is a museum, information desk, film, museum/bookstore, costumed interpreters/demonstrators and guided tours when staffing permits. Also on site is an active archeological dig (which has located the original triangular fort of Jamestown) and an archeological lab associated with this dig.
Visitors can enjoy a seven-mile battlefield auto tour and nine-mile allied encampment auto tour. Accessible from the encampment tour road, a trail connects to the Newport News park trail system for additional biking, hiking, and jogging.
On Jamestown Island short self-guided walking tours of the 'New Towne' and 'Old Town' sites and a three and five mile auto loop drive of the island. Colonial Parkway is a scenic 23-mile parkway, bordering the York and James Rivers and connecting Yorktown, Williamsburg and Jamestown.
Climate - Tidewater Virginia generally has a warm climate. Average winter daytime temperatures peak at 10 C (50 F) with night time lows of 3 C (25-20 F). Chilling winds coming off the rivers can produce wind chill temperatures much lower. Summer temperatures range from daytime highs of 30 C (85-90 F) to 20 C (60 F) at night. The area experiences high humidity, especially during the summer months. Layered clothing is recommended in early spring, late fall and winter. Good walking shoes are important for year round comfort.
The park lies within the coastal plain of Tidewater Virginia. It is located along the James and York Rivers on the lower Virginia peninsula, about 50 miles southeast of Richmond, Virginia. The sites of Yorktown and Jamestown are connected by the Colonial Parkway, which takes visitors passed other historic sites not included in the park.