- Located at the southern point of the Delmarva Peninsula, the refuge supports a wide variety of bird life. Habitat is provided for migratory, threatened, and endangered species such as the black duck, bald eagle and peregrine falcon.
Waterfowl, raptors, shorebirds, songbirds and game birds are all represented, especially during the months of fall migration which occurs from mid-August through mid-November. In addition, white-tailed deer, coyote and red foxes are some of the many mammal species that inhabit the refuge. The refuge habitat is composed of maritime forests, myrtle and bayberry thickets, grasslands, croplands, freshwater wetlands, salt marshes, beach dunes, and fresh and brackish water ponds.
Recreation and Education-Wildlife observation, study and photography; Visitor Center with habitat displays, auditorium and observation window; guided walks and auditorium programs; environmental education programs by advance request; 1/2 mi. nature trail; hunting - white-tailed deer; and the Eastern Shore Birding Festival in October.
Special Notes: Insect pests peak March through October; pets are permitted, but must be kept on a leash, radio 1610 AM provides refuge information.
Recreation - The Coastal Virginia Wildlife Observatory volunteers capture, examine, weigh, band and release resident and migratory birds in September and October of each year. In the raptor research area, hawks, kestrels, osprey and other birds of prey are observed and banded from September through November. Each fall the area hosts activities associated with the Kiptopeke Birding Festival.
Climate - Virginia generally has mild winters and warm humid summers. The eastern portion of the state has winter temperatures averaging above 36 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius). The state's summer temperatures have little variation. The eastern portion of Virginia generally experiences temperatures above 78 degrees Fahrenheit (26 Celsius). High humidity along with warm temperatures can be uncomfortable.
The Eastern Shore is located on U.S. 13 north of Virginia Beach across the 17.6 mile Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel (hefty toll).