- Virginia's refuges provide essential habitat for wildlife and fish populations. Most were established to protect and enhance wetlands for the conservation of migratory birds; some were established to provide habitat for the Nation's endangered species. The refuges listed here all offer public use opportunities.
Recreation - The goal of the refuges is to provide quality hunting, fishing, wildlife watching and enjoyment for the public. Several of the refuges offer excellent bird-watching opportunities.
Climate - Virginia, as a whole, experiences high humidity throughout the year. Summers promise high heat and humidity, which can make rigorous activities uncomfortable and difficult. Spring and fall are the best times to visit the area to avoid the heat. The mountains to the coast receive high rainfall during these seasons, so rain gear is recommended. Winter precipitation levels vary from year to year. The humidity makes temperatures feel colder during the winter as it makes the summer temperatures feel hotter. Weather on the coast is generally more mild than that in the piedmont.
The National Wildlife Refuges in Virginia are located in the eastern half of the state, mostly along or near the coast.