Description - The island was transferred to the Fish and Wildlife Service due to "its value for migratory birds." The surrounding waters contain reefs and a shipwreck that attract large numbers of snorkelers, divers, and boaters. A lighthouse previously maintained by the Coast Guard is on the refuge.
- The refuge consists of the entire island and is located 2 miles south of St. Thomas in the US Virgin Islands. The vegetation is comprised mostly of cactus, brush, grasslands and there is a rocky shoreline. Long-term plans call for the elimination of black rats in order to enhance the value of the area for breeding seabirds. The surrounding waters are used by divers and snorkelers to view coral reefs. The Coast Guard maintains a lighthouse on the island.
Recreation - Recreational activities at Buck Island National Wildlife Refuge are limited to diving, snorkeling, hiking and birdwatching.
Climate - The Virgin Islands enjoy a tropical climate, moderated by trade winds. The average daily high is about 89 degrees with the average daily low being about 75 degrees for the summer. The rainfall is greater in the hills than on the coast. September and November see more rainfall than the driest months which are February and March.
Buck Island National Wildlife Refuge is located in the Caribbean, 2 miles from the south coast of St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.