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Willoughby State Forest



Crystal Lake State Park- Crystal Lake is approximately three miles long and about one mile in width. In some places it is known to be more than 100 feet deep. It is a glacial lake beautifully surrounded by steep cliffs.

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General Information

Description - Willoughby State Forest encompasses 7,300 acres in the northern area of Vermont. Lake Willoughby boasts 1,653 acres plentiful with rainbow trout, lake trout, brown trout, landlocked salmon and yellow perch. The South Trail is well known, offering sweeping views from Mt. Pisgah over to Mt. Hor and beyond. Viewing the nesting peregrine falcons and alpine plant life is enjoyed along the Willoughby Cliffs.

Attractions - Willoughby State Forest encompasses 7,300 acres in the northern area of Vermont several miles south of the Canadian border. Lake Willoughby slices the state forest offering an array of fishing, boating and hiking opportunities. Several good fishing ponds including Newark Pond and Bald Hill Pond are just east of the Forest while Crystal Lake and Crystal Lake State Park are located just west of the Forest. Several natural areas are located within the State Forest including Willoughby Cliffs Natural Area. It features vertical cliffs of Mt. Pisgah and Mt. Hor which provides an environment conducive for arctic and cliff-alpine plants. The sheer cliffs also offer favorable nesting habitat for peregrine falcon. The other natural area is Marl Pond and Swamp whose bottom is rich with calcium and magnesium carbonate deposits. These deposits were once extracted and used as fertilizer. The pond is also known for being surrounded by a beautiful white cedar swamp.

Recreation - Boating, hunting, fishing, hiking and swimming are enjoyed in the Willoughby State Forest. Fishing opportunities abound in the 1,653 acre Lake Willoughby. The lake holds the reputation of being a wonderful example of glacial scouring in the Northeast and being the deepest lake in the state with depths in excess of 300 feet. The lake is listed as a National Natural Landmark with catches that include rainbow trout, lake trout, brown trout, landlocked salmon and yellow perch.

Climate - Winter daytime temperatures in the lower half of the Lakes / Kingdom region averages 14 to 16 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 to -9 Celsius). The upper half of this region experiences winter temperatures ranging below 14 degrees Fahrenheit (below -10 Celsius). Summer daytime temperatures are cooler along the western area of Lake Champlain averaging 66 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (19 to 21 Celsius). The central area of this region expects temperatures from 66 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit (19 to 20 Celsius) with the eastern area of this region experiencing the coolest summer time temperatures of less than 66 degrees Fahrenheit (below 19 Celsius). The yearly precipitation for Lakes and Kingdom Travel Region vary from less than 36 inches (91 centimeters) along the western line to more than 44 inches (112 centimeters) along the eastern border of New Hampshire and Canada.

Location - From West Burke travel north on SR 5A. Lake Willoughby cuts down into the State Forest.


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More Information

Contact Information:
Vermont Dept. of Forests Parks & Recreation, 103 South Main Street , Waterbury, VT, 05671-0601, Phone: 802-241-3670
, parks@fpr.anr.state.vt.us

Additional Information:
Crystal Lake State Park - Crystal Lake is approximately three miles long and about one mile in width. In some places it is known to be more than 100 feet deep. It is a glacial lake beautifully surrounded by steep cliffs.
Northern Vermont - Northern Vermont stretches between America's sixth largest lake and the state line of New Hampshire, this region offers an array of outdoor activities from boating and fishing to mountain hikes and moose hunting.
Vermont Lakes and Reservoirs - On the western side of Vermont, Samuel De Champlain paddled down the huge 435 square mile lake in 1609. Today that lake bears his name, Lake Champlain, and is known as America's "Sixth Great Lake." On the eastern side of the state, the longest river in New England creates the border. In addition, over 808 lakes and ponds and over 7,000 miles of rivers and streams grace the entire landscape.
Vermont State Parks and Forests - Vermont has over 50 state parks and over 2,200 campsites and shelters available for seasonal use. Most state parks permit cross-country skiing and several permit snowmobiling on designated routes. Vermont also offers over 35 state forests open for recreation use along with four rail trails and nearly a dozen historic sites.

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