Description - There are several National Wildlife Refuges spread throughout Nevada. Several refuge contain unique wildlife, Ash Meadows NWR claims to posses varieties of plants and animals found no where else in the world. moreover, the desert National Wildlife Refuge is the largest NWR in the 48 contiguous states. Other sites are important areas for migrating birds.
- Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge: This refuge supports breeding populations of shorebirds, ducks, grebes and colonial nesting birds, in addition to white-faced ibis and snowy plovers.
Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge: The refuge consists primarily of marsh and is bordered by meadows, grasslands, seasonal alkali wetlands, and shrub steppe uplands. The marsh is a remnant of an ancient, 200-foot-deep lake and is supplied with water from over 160 springs emerging from the base of the Ruby Mountains.
Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge: Pahranagat is located in the Pacific Flyway, which stretches from Alaska and Canada to Mexico. It is an important stopping point for waterfowl and other migratory birds as they migrate south in the fall and back north in early spring. These migratory birds are attracted by Pahranagat's marshes, open water, native grass meadows, and cultivated croplands.
Fallon National Wildlife Refuge: The refuge comprises over 15,000 acres of playa and wetland habitat in the Carson Sink. In years of high water-flows down the Carson River, the refuge is important for migratory shorebirds and waterfowl.
Desert National Wildlife refuge: The Desert Range encompasses 1.5 million acres of diverse Mojave Desert in southern Nevada. It is the largest national wildlife refuge in the 48 contiguous states. Perpetuating the desert bighorn sheep and its habitat is the most important objective
Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge: The refuge provides habitat for at least 26 plants and animals found nowhere else in the world. Four endemic fishes are currently listed as endangered. This concentration of indigenous life distinguishes Ash Meadows as having a greater concentration of endemic species than any other local area in the United States, and the second greatest in all of North America.
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge: Located in the northwestern corner of Nevada the site manages over 575,000 acres of high desert habitat as a representative area for native plants and wildlife.
Recreation - Facilities in the USDI Fish and Wildlife National Refuges includes; wildlife viewing, bird watching, nature study, scenic viewing, camping, fishing, picnicking and geology.
Climate - Most of the acreage of Nevada lies within the desert. The climate is hot and dry most of the year. The southern area of the state surrounding Las Vegas is true to this description throughout the year. Temperatures during the summer months often reach 115 degrees F. Winters are warm with cool nights and a more pleasant time to visit the region.
Because the Great Basin lies at a higher elevation the area receives cold winter weather with snow that remains for months. Seven inches of rain falls in the region annually, although run off from the surrounding mountains contributes to the water availability.
Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge : From Fallon take U.S. Highway 50 to Stillwater road.
Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge: From Elko travel 65 miles south along State Route 228.
Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge : From Las Vegas travel north along U.S. Highway 93.
Fallon National Wildlife Refuge: From Reno take highway 50 east
Desert National Wildlife Refuge: From Las Vegas take either U.S. Highway 95 or U.S. Highway 93 north.
Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge: From Las Vegas take U.S. Highway 95 north.
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge: Travel west along Highway 140 for fourteen miles from Denio.