Description - Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge encompasses 5,754 acres of which 4,778 acres were acquired in 1978 from the former Delta Fish and Fur Farm. Located in the floodplain of the Upper Mississippi River the land was isolated from the Mississippi and Trempealeau by dikes built in 1911. These dikes diverted the Trempealeau River from its natural confluence with the Upper Mississippi River to a point just downstream from Trempealeau Mountain. Adjoining the Upper Mississippi River Wildlife and Fish Refuge and Perrot State Park, Trempealeau NWR provides important habitat for a variety of migratory birds including bald eagles, osprey, black terns, American white pelicans, sora rails, nineteen species of ducks, and numerous species of warblers.
The objectives of Trempealeau NWR is to provide breeding and migration habitat for migratory birds, provide habitat for native wildlife, protect endangered and threatened species, provide for biodiversity, and provide public opportunities for outdoor recreation and environmental education.
- Over 60,000 visitors come to Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge each year to explore river, prairie, and bottomland forest habitats. Canoeists and those with electric motors can ply the quiet wetlands unveiling excellent bird watching opportunities. Foot travel is offered on numerous nature trails and a five-mile auto tour is available for those with vehicles or those on bicycles.
Bird watching along this stretch of the Mississippi Flyway has resulted in a bird list of over 250 species. Common sightings include pied-billed grebe, double-crested cormorant, green heron, green-winged teal, American black duck, bufflehead, bald eagle, red-tailed hawk, and ruffed grouse. Check with staff for details pertaining to seasons and habitat influences.
Fishing and hunting regulations are in accordance with state regulations. Call the NWR for environmental education specifics; contact number listed below.
Recreation - Recreations offered at Trempealeau NWR include hunting, fishing, hiking, watching wildlife, environmental education, and automobile touring.
Climate - Southwest Wisconsin has four distinct seasons with warm summers and long winters. January's average temperature is above 16 degrees F (-9 degrees C). Average July temperature is 85 degrees F (29 degrees C). During summer, temperatures can climb to above 90 degrees F (32 degrees C). The area's average yearly precipitation ranges from 32-34". Annual snowfalls in the Southwest Region can range from 20 - 40". Dressing in layers is a good way to remain comfortable in Wisconsin.
Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge is located 3 miles southwest of Centerville on Highway 35 / 54.